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mads just looks so earnest with the knife

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1 hour ago  -  1,276 notes  -  via madsmikkelsennews © fuckyeahmadsmikkelsen
The theme of (non) violence in ASOIAF


cecessqt asked:

Why do you say that ASOIAF is a text that promotes non-violence?

Because violence is a major theme in the books.  Or, more accurately, the horrifying consequences of violence are a major theme.

The books feature a lot of violence, but they don’t glorify that violence. For example, we get Cat’s POV instead of Robb’s; the reader shares Cat’s fear for Robb’s life instead of experiencing Robb slash at people with a sword. GRRM tends to focus on the devastating consequences of violence.

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2 hours ago  -  340 notes  -  via joannalannister © joannalannister

1/2. answer to your post got too long. I think maybe Martin, as an author, is just portraying the world as it is. in the world we live in, those things are true. It is violent and terrible and men, particularly white men do have the power. For me personally, i see it as a mirror. i feel like he's exposing how awful we can be. plus it makes for conflict and you cant have a good tv or fiction without tons of that. also, in real world,





historically things like rape were either not discussed, considered NBD, or something which meant you must commit suicide because why would anyone want you after that? when i watch/read game of thrones, it makes me think about the brutality in our own lives, and how our media handles that. i dont know if it has that effect on anyone else though.

1. You’re wrong about social perspectives on violence, including sexual violence, from “history”. Firstly, because you seem to be generalizing the entirety of human history. Secondly,

imageWoman Kills a Would-Be Rapist and is Presented with his Belongings, manuscript illumination, 12th c., Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, MS Graecus Vitr. 26-2, fol. 208r. [more; more]

According to the text of the Madrid manuscript of the “Synopsis historion,” a Byzantine chronicle written by John Skylitzes, “There were some Varangians dispersed in the Thrakesion theme for the winter. One of them coming across a woman of the region in the wilderness put the quality of her virtue to the test. When persuasion failed he resorted to violence, but she seized his Persian-type sword, struck him in the heart and promptly killed him. When the deed became known in the surrounding area, the Varangians held an assembly and crowned the woman, presenting her with all the possessions of her violator, whom they threw aside, unburied, according to the law concerning assassins.” In the image depicting these occurrences, the woman uses a spear to kill her attacker, and the other Varangian men approach her with armfuls of clothing.

Women’s History in regard to the European Middle Ages, specifically, is so constantly being revised, revisited, and rewritten, what is considered “the norm” and what is considered “exceptional” changes with the day of the week, the phase of the moon, and the latest piece of documentation being debated in various circles.

You can read this excerpt reviewing Gendering the Master Narrative: Women and Power in the Middle Ages in its second incarnation, versus the one from 1988 which the authors claimed focused too much on
"the positive"…. as you can see, these ideas are constantly in flux, as well they should be! I’m ready for another volume refocusing on the positive, myself…. :|

In other words, THIS is precisely what I mean-people get these ideas from media and project them onto history a lot of the time. And yes, there are plenty of counter-examples, we can talk about Artemisia Gentilischi, and a million other things, but my point is that you cannot universalize this.

2. That’s precisely the problem I’m talking about, that GoT is more of a reflection of our CURRENT SOCIETY than it is Medieval European Society, but it’s often being presented as or defended as “Just How Things Were Back Then”. You know, back when DRAGONS.

3. I think I’m going to have to have a whole speech very soon on how conflict in fiction is 100% possible without replicating or exaggerating gender or race-related oppression (Laurie J. Marks’ Elemental Logic series), AND without erasing gender (Ursula K. LeGuin’s The Left Hand of Darkness) OR people of color (like basically 90% of the genre of epic fantasy. And urban fantasy, for that matter.)

FYI, the Varangians were Vikings.  This woman killed a fucking Viking and the others honoured her for it.

Let me rephrase that: a native Byzantian woman defended herself and killed a Varangian (a certain group of ‘vikings’, to be brief) who had come to these lands for trade and as hired guards (its more complex but bear with me). When the other Varangians heard of one of their own having attempted to assault a woman they proceeded to dump his corpse and give her all her belongings. Rather than, ya know, gang up on her like they constantly do in GoT (./vomit).

It is an extremely interesting manuscript excerpt to look at the interaction of different cultural groups, the way they value eachother within and across said groups, and the expectations on either side. The Varangians responded in the way they would when one of their own had attacked another, and the other had rightfully defended themselves. The fact that the ‘other’ was in this case a woman and of a culturally different group was completely irrelevant to them: someone was assaulted, therefore, it was obvious to them what aught be done - namely compensate her with the deceased’s belongings / holdings.

Thanks for adding more context to the story.

I really just want to add one more time that fantasy stories that you read or watch on TV are stories invented by writers. They are not fettered by “historical facts” to have misogyny (or racism, or anything else) hardwired into every storyline supposedly based on history. Their stories are the result of choices that they are responsible for.

2 hours ago  -  1,062 notes  -  via asoiafuniversity © medievalpoc


2 tutta la vita

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Just a friendly reminder

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(Source: thespoonmissioner)

3 hours ago  -  744 notes  -  via capleesi © thespoonmissioner
If there’s one skill Joan Holloway learned in her 16 years in the ad game, it’s how to take an obnoxious little shit of a man and scare the ever-loving daylights out of him in order to get him to do what she wants.
3 hours ago  -  3 notes


At TEDxYouth@Manchester, genetics researcher Dan Davis introduces the audience to compatibility genes — key players in our immune system’s functioning, and the reason why it’s so difficult to transplant organs from person to person: one’s compatibility genes must match another’s for a transplant to take.

To learn more about these fascinating genes, watch the whole talk here»

(Images from Davis’s talk, Drew Berry’s animations, and the TED-Ed lessons A needle in countless haystacks: Finding habitable worlds - Ariel Anbar and How we conquered the deadly smallpox virus - Simona Zompi)

4 hours ago  -  11,408 notes  -  via heresiae © tedx



It bewilders me that they didn’t give the Hogwarts first years maps


have fun navigating an ancient castle full of shit that could literally kill you by yourselves suckers





Towards the end of the November of 2006, Paris Hilton and Britney Spears went for an evening out to Guy’s Nightclub in West Hollywood. They stayed until the club closed, before visiting a party thrown by Brandon Davis in a bungalow at The Beverly Hills Hotel. There, they met Lindsay Lohan and she and Paris Hilton had a reconciliation - they had previously disliked each other.  The three then drove together to Paris’s home, where they spent the night. 

History books

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